More than 250,000 from all over the world immigrate to Canada every year. There are many immigration programs that you can apply for so you can move to Canada. Read on to see if you can move to Canada.
Part I: Applying to move to Canada
Check if you are eligible to move to Canada
Before anything else, you should check if you are eligible to move to Canada. There are many reasons why your application may be denied. Some of these reasons include:
- Human rights violations
- Criminal records
- Health reasons
- Financial reasons
- Violations of the Immigration Refugee Protection Act IRPA
- If you or any of your qualified dependents are inadmissible
Think about the different ways you can apply to move to Canada
There are may different ways that you can apply to move to Canada. Always remember that you should only apply under programs which you are qualified for.
There are many different programs you can apply for, including:
Express Entry for Skilled Workers Express Entry is the fastest and most straightforward way to apply for Permanent Residency in Canada. If you have at least 12 months of full-time experience in a managerial, professional or skills trade capacity, Express Entry is probably the best program for you to apply under. Canadian visa officers will review your application and assess your age, work and educational experience.
Business Start-up or Investor If you fancy yourself an entrepreneur, or if you have your own business, you should apply for Permanent Residency under this program. You should have a net worth of at least CAD$10 million or more.
Provincial Nominee Programs While the Government of Canada has jurisdiction over immigration on a federal level, provincial governments are allowed to nominate qualified individuals they believe can make positive contributions to their economy.
Family Sponsorship If you have a family member who is already living legally in Canada, they might be able to sponsor you to be a Permanent Resident.
Spousal Sponsorship If you are married to a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident, they might be able to apply to sponsor you to be a Permanent Resident. You’ll have to prove that your marriage is legitimate, and not just one of convenience.
Quebec-Selected The province of Quebec has its own nominee program, which nominates qualified individuals to move to Quebec as Permanent Residents. Biggest qualification? You have to speak French.
International adoption Canadian citizens can apply to sponsor children adopted from different countries.
Refugees You can apply as a refugee if you can prove that you are fleeing your country of residence for safety reasons.
Caregivers Qualified individuals who take care of elderly or people with high medical needs can apply under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program’s Caregiver Program.
Self-Employed If you are a self-employed individual, you can apply to come to Canada. As long as you make at least CAD$40,000 a year.
Fill out the correct application form
With so many different immigration programs available, it can get downright confusing. Each immigration program has a different set of application forms and documentary requirements. Choose the correct application form for the immigration program you qualify for.
Skilled workers should create an online Express Entry profile to start their application for Permanent Residency. This online profile will include information such as language skills, work and educational experience. Applicants will also be asked to register with the Government of Canada’s official Job Bank.
All other immigration programs (including self-employed, investor, Quebec nominees, family sponsored or provincial nominees) will have to send their applications by post.
Pay the application fees
Application fees for immigrating to Canada can be expensive, especially if you are applying as a family. Currently, an individual application under Express Entry is CAD$550. If you are applying with a spouse and child, the application fee will be CAD$1,250.
Payment for application fees must be made in full. Incomplete payments will result in your application not being processed.
Wait for your application to be processed
It may take some time for you application to be processed. It can take up to six months to get a response, so make sure that your application is as complete as possible at the time of submission. If you have missing requirements, your application will be sent back to you.
If your application has been denied, you cannot appeal any decision already made. If you believe that your personal circumstances have changed enough for you to submit a new application, you may do so.
If your application has been approved, congratulations. You can now get ready to move to Canada as a Permanent Resident.
Part II: Moving to Canada
Get all your stuff together
Moving to Canada will probably be one of the most stressful things you’ll ever get to do in this lifetime. Take some of the stress out of moving by being as prepared as possible.
You’ll need to have all the documents ready before you leave to move to Canada. Among these documents are:
- A valid passport for each person going to Canada
- Certificate of Permanent Residency for each person going to Canada
- Two copies of a detailed list of personal items you are bringing into Canada with you
- Two copies of a detailed list of personal items you are having shipped to Canada, as well as their monetary value
Look for a place to stay
You’ll have to find yourself a place to stay. If you have friends and family to help you out when you arrive, very good. If not, get a hotel or AirBNB to stay for a little while while you get your bearings.
Remember that it will take time until you can find a suitable place to stay, and even a little longer until you find work or another means of income. Keep your costs under control until you find stability in your residential and employment situation.
Make sure you have adequate gap health insurance coverage
Apply for provincial healthcare coverage. Canada’s public health system is well known around the world. Canadian citizens and Permanent Residents have access to publicly funded healthcare. However, it will take three months after you first apply for the provincial health care program to be covered. In the meantime, you should buy private insurance equal to or more than the provincial health care coverage.
If English and French is not your first language, you should sign up for a language course
Speaking the language will help you succeed, no matter where you are. This is also true in Canada, where English and French are the official languages. Visit the nearest settlement organization to your location to determine if you can qualify for free language courses in your area.
Unless you have arranged employment prior to your arrival in Canada, you’ll find that one of the most difficult and time consuming things you’ll do is look for a job.
Get a Social Insurance Number at Service Canada.
Foreign trained professionals face unique challenges when applying for work, since they do not have Canadian experience or certification, they might have a hard time finding employment in their field of work.
Apply to become a Canadian citizen
After having lived for four years as a Permanent Resident, you can apply to become a Canadian citizen. You’ll have to be at least 18 years old, speak English or French, know enough about Canadian history and culture to pass a written test.
After meeting the minimum requirements and passing the test, you’ll be granted Canadian citizenship. Congratulations!
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