What is Dual Citizenship?
Each country is responsible for deciding who they consider to be a citizen. This article is for Canadian citizens who are considering reacquiring their Philippine citizenship. Here’s how you apply for Dual Citizenship in Canada.
If you are fortunate to have citizenship with two (or more) countries, then you are a Dual Citizen.
In Canada, you don’t apply to become a Dual Citizen. There are no official documents stating that you are a Dual Citizen.
Canadian citizens are permitted to take another citizenship while keeping their Canadian citizenship valid.
If you are a citizen of a country other than Canada, check with the rules of that country regarding becoming a Dual Citizen before submitting an application for Canadian citizenship.
Take note that if you are a Dual Citizen of both Canada and the Philippines, you may be refused access to Canadian consular services if you are in the Philippines.
As a Philippine citizen, you will have to comply with the laws and regulations of the Philippines, including paying taxes.
Who can apply for Dual Citizenship?
The Dual Citizenship Law, (Republic Act 9225, the Citizenship Retention and Reacquisition Act of 2003) allows natural-born Filipinos who become citizens of another country to reacquire Philippine citizenship.
In Canada, Canadian citizens who are natural-born Filipinos can apply to become Dual Citizens by taking the Oath of Allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines.
Dual citizens enjoy the same civil and political right as Filipino citizens.
Children of Dual citizens (who are Canadian citizens) below 18 years old and unmarried are also granted Dual Citizenship after their parents are granted Dual Citizenship.
Children of Dual citizens (who are Canadian citizens) who are 18 years old and above are considered natural-born Filipinos and can submit an individual application for Philippine citizenship.
What is a natural-born Filipino?
A natural-born Filipino is considered a Philippine citizen by birth.
If your father or mother were Philippine citizens at the time of your birth, or if you were born before January 17, 1973 (and if your mother was a Philippine citizen at the time of your birth), you can choose to apply for Philippine Citizenship when you reach the age of majority.
Where can I apply for Philippine citizenship in Canada?
Canadian citizens (who are natural-born Filipinos) can apply for Philippine citizenship at the Philippine Embassy and Philippine Consulate Generals in Canada.
While you can submit an applications by mail, you must take the Oath of Allegiance in person.
You can also submit an application for Philippine Citizenship at the Bureau of Immigration office in Manila, Philippines.
What are the requirements for applying for Philippine citizenship in Canada?
To reacquire your Philippine citizenship, fill out the correct application form, submit and make the payment and schedule your Oath of Allegiance.
Take note that the Philippine Government requires original documents and three photocopies of each document to be submitted with each application.
Original documents required:
• Original Birth Certificate authenticated by the National Statistics Office (NSO) • Marriage Certificate (for married female applicant) • Death Certificate of spouse (for widowed female applicant, if applicable) • Appropriate divorce decree or court order on the annulment of marriage (for separated female applicant, if applicable) • Three (3) recent 4.5 cm X 3.5 cm photographs (colored with white background) • Fee of CAN $67.50/applicant - in money order or bank draft only made payable to the Philippine Consulate General • Photocopy of Canadian passport • Photocopy of Citizenship Card/ID • Photocopy of Certificate of Oath Taking as a Canadian • Photocopy of old Philippine passport (original shall be presented to the evaluating officer)
• Certificate of Non-availability of Birth Record (if born before 1950) from the Local Civil Registrar or from NSO • Baptismal Certificate/Joint Birth Affidavit • Marriage Certificate of parents • Order of adoption, if applicable (original shall be presented to the evaluating officer)
Requirements for dependent children:
(Present originals and submit three (3) photocopies of the following required documents)
• Two (2) recent 4.5 cm X 3.5 cm photographs (colored with white background)
• Copy of foreign passport
• Copy of Birth Certificate
• Fee of CAN$ 33.75 (certified cheque or postal money order)
How to submit an application:
• Application form must be duly accomplished and signed. Incomplete information on the application form may cause delay in the processing of application. • All requirements should be submitted with the duly accomplished application form. • If the documents are complete and satisfactory, applicants will be informed via email of their scheduled Oath of Allegiance. Oath taking is held on Thursdays at 3:00 pm. Applicants confirmation reply email is necessary in order that their Oath Certificates are made ready on their oath taking date. Deadline for the confirmation reply email is on a Tuesday immediately preceding their Thursday scheduled date. • PERSONAL APPEARANCE IS REQUIRED IN TAKING THE OATH. • Female applicants who are married should apply in their maiden name • If the applicant is a Bureau of Immigration (BI) registered alien, he shall surrender the original ACR and ICR/CRTV, or in its absence, an affidavit explaining the loss of said documents for transmittal to the BI.
What are the benefits of reacquiring your Philippine citizenship?
After reacquiring Philippine Citizenship, you can once again enjoy the following:
- the right to travel with a Philippine passport
- the right to own real property in the Philippines
- the right to engage in business and commerce as a Filipino
- the right to practice one’s profession, provided that a license or permit to engage in such practice is obtained from the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC), or the Supreme Court in the case of lawyers
- The right to vote in Philippine national elections
- Exempted from paying taxes on any income earned overseas
There are no residency requirements for Canadian citizens who reacquired their Philippine citizenship. You do NOT have to live in the Philippines to maintain your citizenship.
Philippine Embassy & Consulates General Addresses & Telephone Numbers
EMBASSY OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES IN OTTAWA
30 Murray St.
Ottawa, ON K1N 5M4
Tel: (613) 233-1121
Fax: (613) 233-4165
In case of emergency: (613) 614-2846
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org | email@example.com
CONSULATE GENERAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES IN TORONTO
7/F 160 Eglinton Ave. E.
Toronto, ON M4P 3B5
Tel: (416) 922-7181
Fax: (416) 922-2638
CONSULATE GENERAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES IN VANCOUVER
999 Canada Place, Suite 660
Vancouver, BC V6C 3E1
Tel: (604) 685-1619 | (604) 685-7645
Fax: (604) 685-9945
CONSULATE GENERAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES IN CALGARY
517 10th Ave. SW., Suite 920
Calgary, AB T2R 0A8
Tel: (403) 455-9343 | (403) 455-9343 | (403) 455-9346 | (403) 455-9457 | (403) 455-9483 | (587) 577-1524
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org | email@example.com
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