Canada Votes – Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party forms minority government


Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party of Canada will continue to govern after one of Canada’s most acrimonious election campaigns ever. Canada Votes: Trudeau keeps his job as Prime Minister in what is now a deeply divided political landscape.

As long as he can maintain the confidence of the House of Commons, Trudeau can continue as Prime Minister.

The Liberals will have to play nice with the resurgent Bloc Quebecois and the official opposition, the Conservative Party of Canada, who shut out the Grits in Alberta and Saskatchewan.


The Liberal faithful gathered at the Palais de congres in Montreal went wild after Canada’s local TV networks started declaring the winner of the elections.

Read Liberal leader Justin Trudeau’s speech here:

“From coast to coast, tonight, Canadians rejected division and negativity. They rejected cuts and austerity, and they voted in favour of a progressive agenda and strong action on climate change. I have heard you, my friends. You are sending our Liberal team back to work; back to Ottawa with a clear mandate. We will make life more affordable. We will continue to fight climate change. We will get guns off our streets and we will keep investing in Canadians.

Canadians have entrusted us with the responsibility of continuing to govern. But none of that would have been possible without the efforts and sacrifices of many, many people. I have so many people to thank. And I know I’m going to be spending a lot of time on the phone in the coming days. But tonight, there are a few people in particular that I have to thank.

First of all, my Sophie. We began this political adventure together ten years ago because we believed in a better future, because we knew that it was worthwhile fighting for a better, more prosperous Canada. Sophie, I love you.

And to my children, Xavier, Ella-Grace, and Hadrien, every single day you inspire me to do more and do better. And everything I do, I do for you and for your generation. You remind me every single day that I have to take some time to appreciate the life we have and how lucky we are. Of the roles that I have, the one I have is the one I like most.

And to the very best campaign team ever assembled in Canada are incredible candidates, staff and volunteers. None of this would have been possible without you. Thank you for the early mornings and the late nights. You’ve sacrificed a lot. Taking time away from your families and friends to move Canada forward. And I cannot thank you enough. So instead, I’ll simply say this: You did it, my friends, congratulations. To the leaders of the other parties and their families, thank you for being a part of this essential exercise in democracy. You have chosen to serve. Thank you for stepping up in this campaign and in this political life.

And of course I have to thank the people of Papineau. For more than 10 years you have entrusted me with your confidence, and it’s a great privilege for me to continue to represent you and to continue to be a strong voice for you. Thank you, thank you so much.

And of course, to my fellow Canadians. It has been the greatest honour of my life to serve you for these past four years. And tonight, you’re sending us back to work for you. We take this responsibility seriously and we will work hard for you, for your families and for your future.

To those who voted for our party, thank you for putting your trust in our team. Thank you for having faith in us to move this country in the right direction.
And to those and to those who did not vote for us, knowing that we will work every single day for you. We will govern for everyone. Regardless of how you cast your ballot, ours is a team that will fight for all Canadians.

Dear Quebeckers, I heard your message tonight. You want to continue to go forward with us, but you also want to ensure that the voice of Quebec can be heard even more in Ottawa. And I can tell you that my team and I will be there for you.

And to Canadians in Alberta and Saskatchewan, know that you are an essential part of our great country. I’ve heard your frustration and I want to be there to support you. Let us all work hard to bring our country together.

For four years, we have done everything we could to improve people’s lives. And that is what we will continue to do in the coming years. Friends, you are sending us to Ottawa with a clear mandate. Continue to go forward and to move this country forward. You asked us to invest in Canadians, to make reconciliation with the Indigenous peoples a priority. To show even greater vision and ambition as we tackle the greatest challenge of our times—climate change. And that is exactly what we will do. We know that there is a lot of work still to be done. But I swear to you that we will continue what we have begun. Because Liberals know, like all Canadians know, that it is always possible to do better.

One of my favourite prime ministers, Wilfrid Laurier, often talked about patriotism and the unifying power of common goals and aspirations. And I’ve thought about that a lot since getting into politics. In my conversations with Canadians right across the country, I’ve seen firsthand that there is so much more that unites us than divides us. Canadians expect us all to focus on our shared vision of a stronger Canada, and I intend to work hard to make that a reality. We all want safer communities, a cleaner planet, and a good quality of life. We want this for ourselves, for our neighbours and for our kids and grandkids. We seek hardship for none and prosperity for all. That is the world we’re working toward. And if we unite around these common goals, I know we can achieve them.

In the years ahead, our team will work hard to build on the progress made by the Canadians who came before us. We will champion Canada in all its diversity. We will give voice to the voiceless. And in every decision we make as your government, we will always put this country and its people first. We will help the widow who has lost her partner after 48 years of common life. We will help those students who are marching for climate change action. And we will help the mother with three children that needs a little bit more help at the end of the month.

We will fight for all people, including people like Dean. These last few days, I’ve done rallies across the country and at a few of them, I’ve told Dean’s story. Dean had voted Conservative his entire life. But this time around he decided to vote Liberal on behalf of his daughter. You see, he understood that this election was about so much more than just the next four years. This election is about the next 40 years. It’s about the kind of Canada that his daughter and her kids will grow up in. But tonight, I want to say this to Dean. I need to earn your vote. Not just your daughter’s. And over the coming years, I plan on doing exactly that. My friends, this election was about you, about the world your kids will inherit. And tonight, we chose to move Canada forward. Tonight, Canadians have charted a path for the future, and I know we will walk it together. Nous allons avancer ensemble, we will go forward together to a better future. Thank you very much, everyone. Thank you, Montreal.”


The Conservative crowd gathered at their headquarters in Regina, Saskatchewan were understandably disappointed as one by one, the networks declared the winner.

Read Conservative leader Andrew Scheer’s speech here:

“First and foremost, I want to thank the voters of Regina-Qu’Appelle for once again electing me as your Member of Parliament.

And thank you to all the volunteers who worked hard in the campaign office, who knocked on doors and put up signs. Joan Bayliss, thank you so much for running a campaign.

Being a member of Parliament for Regina-Qu’Apelle is an honour that I will never take for granted, and I will work hard every day to repay the trust that you have put in me. I also say thank you to all 336 Conservative Party candidates for your hard work during this campaign. And a special note of congratulations for my two new colleagues here in Regina—Warren Stanley in Regina-Lewvan and Mike Kram in Regina-Wascana!

And to everybody across the country who joined our Conservative team over the last 40 days, whether you knocked on doors, put in lawn signs, made a donation, or simply told your friend and neighbour why you were voting Conservative. Our party is strong, it is united, and we are on the march ladies and gentlemen.

We ran an excellent campaign, from top to bottom, and for that, we should all be proud.

And finally, on a personal note, I want to thank my wife, Jill, and our five children, who have been so supportive during all the long weeks and months on the road. No matter where public life has taken me or will take me, the greatest honour of my life is to be a husband and dad.

I have just spoken with Prime Minister Trudeau to congratulate him on winning the most seats. And my message tonight is that the strength of our democracy is not only measured by the ballots we cast, but also by how we move forward after their counting.

(In French) My friends, I want to thank our 336 other candidates of the Conservative Party for their hard work during this whole campaign. I spoke earlier tonight with Justin Trudeau and I congratulated him for winning the largest amount of seats tonight. And the strength of our democracy is not only measured by the fact of voting but also in the way that we continue to go forward once those have been counted.

And while tonight’s result isn’t what we wanted, I am also incredibly proud. Proud of our team, proud of our campaign, and proud of the bigger and stronger Conservative team that we will send to Ottawa. Now, there are still a number of really close races, so we don’t know for sure how many more Conservatives Canadians will send to Ottawa tonight, but what we do know is that after the 2015 election, when Justin Trudeau looked unstoppable, when all the pundits and experts said it was the beginning of another Trudeau dynasty, that he would have eight or even 12 years in power. But tonight, Conservatives have put Justin Trudeau on notice. And Mr. Trudeau, when your government falls, Conservatives will be ready and we will win.

(In French) Although I am disappointed tonight, I am incredibly proud of our team of our Conservative movement. Remember, friends, the night in October 2015, It was predicted that Justin Trudeau would run the country for eight or 12 years. Nobody was giving us the slightest chance. But tonight, we’ve put Mr. Trudeau under notice. His leadership is damaged and his time in government will soon end. And when this moment will come, Conservatives will be ready and we will win.

The fact is Canadians have passed judgment on this Liberal government. Now, not only have they lost over 20 seats, but Mr. Trudeau has also lost votes and lost support in every region of the country. And ladies and gentlemen, we knew this was never going to be easy, but nothing worth achieving ever is. Only once in the history of this country has a first-term majority government been defeated. But we’ve also made some history of our own tonight. Tonight we have accomplished what only two parties have ever done before by holding a first-term majority government to a minority.

We have picked up seats and support in almost every region of the country, and at the time I walked onto the stage, we are leading the popular vote, ladies and gentlemen. More Canadians wanted us to win this election than any other party. And remember, remember 2004, Stephen Harper’s first election, he erased Paul Martin’s majority, and then went on to lead a conservative government that lasted for nearly 10 years.

This is how it starts. This is how it starts. This is the first step.

And now we’re heading back to Ottawa with a much bigger team, with more support from coast to coast. And with an endorsement from the Canadian people that we are the government in waiting.

(In French) My friends, I want to speak to the Quebec nation. With my Quebec team, we will continue to work for you, the values, the conservative values are Quebec values, and Quebec values are Conservative values. The freedom of speech, a less imposing state, and acknowledge that dollars spent by those who have earned them are better spent than by the government that have taxed them. Those are Quebec values and Quebeckers can count on us to defend Quebec interests.

With the rise of the separatist Bloc Quebecois and our dominant results in Western Canada tonight, Canada is a country that is further divided. Big nation-building projects and major industries remain under attack, keeping thousands of Canadians out of work and holding back our nation’s potential. Our country is mired in deficits and sinking further into debt, threatening public services and even higher taxes. Canadians are falling further and further behind, with household budgets stretched farther than ever before. And as economic headwinds are gathering against us, we’re vulnerable as a country as we have ever been to the next inevitable downturn. But although the challenges we face are indeed big, I remain hopeful. Because Canada was built on Conservative values, ladies and gentlemen, and Conservative values will be what get us back on track.

A belief in people, not government. A firm commitment to the freedoms we hold dear, the freedoms of speech, of thought, of religion and of conscience. And belief that free markets, balanced budgets and small governments are the best ways to create prosperity and lift people out of poverty.
In a country where hard work is rewarded, not punished, and where the government realizes that the best way to help Canadians get ahead is to lift people up, not tear people down. I want to close tonight with the words of John Diefenbaker who said this: I am a Canadian, free to speak without fear, free to worship in my own way, free to stand for what I think right, and free to oppose what I believe wrong. Free to choose those who shall govern my country. This heritage of freedom I pledge to uphold for myself and all mankind.

And as we look ahead to the challenges we will face in the next few years, we must take these timeless words to heart. Because Canada is not defined by any political party or movement. Canada endures not because of any one government or leader, but because the values Diefenbaker so perfectly articulated transcend us all. It is because we are free—free to worship, free to speak, and free to believe. It is because we are equal in opportunity and before the law. And it is because we are strong, strong in character and in principle and in action. It is because we are all these things that Canada shines for everyone. And Conservatives must always uphold these values, no matter what may come. Because if we should suffer them to falter, so too would Canada itself. Ladies and gentlemen, our story is just beginning. Let’s remember this feeling: coming close, but falling just short. And let’s use it as fuel to redouble our efforts because our work is not over. Canadians are counting on us.

And when the time comes. And who knows when that will be? Canadians will need us to replace the Trudeau Liberals with a Conservative government that unites the country, celebrates our freedoms, honour its commitments and serves to help every Canadian get ahead. Thank you so much for all the support you’ve given me. Thank you so much for all your hard work. From the bottom of my heart. Thank you for your commitment to this party and the ideals that we stand for. Merci beaucoup.”


Liberals: 157
Conservatives: 122
Bloc Quebeqois: 32
NDP: 25
Green: 3


In Canada, minority governments happen when no political parties have majority of seats after a federal election.

In minority governments, the political party with the most seats forms the government.

In order to pass legislation, the ruling political party must get the support of the other political parties. Without their support, the minority government will have a hard time getting things done.

Canadian political parties rarely form official coalitions to form a majority government.

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