Express Entry System – learn more about Canada’s immigration system

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Express Entry

The Government of Canada‘s immigration department, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) uses an electronic system called Express Entry to manage applications for Permanent Residency (PR) from skilled workers from around the world, including from the Philippines.

First launched in 2015, the Express Entry system has changed the way immigrations applications are processed.

Prior to the system being implemented, applications were processed in a first come, first served basis. It proved to be an inefficient way of doing things, since the number of applications received were far greater than IRCC’s capacity.

Before 2015, applicants were made to wait for several years before receiving a decision about their PR applications.

The new system allows applicants to create a free online account where they could upload their profile.

Applicants receive a score based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS score uses criteria such as age, education, language proficiency and work experience.

IRCC issues Invitations to Apply (ITA) every two weeks to applicants with the highest CRS scores in the pool.

With the new system, IRCC can process a PR application in less than six months.

Based on IRCC’s Express Entry Year-End Report for 2019, 85,300 applicants received ITAs.




WHAT IS CANADA’S EXPRESS ENTRY SYSTEM?

The Express Entry System provides a way for skilled workers abroad, as well as those already in Canada, to apply for Permanent Residency.

Express Entry shortens the application processing time to six months or less.

The Express Entry System manages applications for Permanent Residency under three main economic immigration programs:

The Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class.

Provincial and territorial governments can choose eligible candidates from the Express Entry pool of candidates through their respective Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).




HOW DOES EXPRESS ENTRY WORK?

  1. Applicants creates an online profile, and joins the Express Entry pool.

If you are interested in coming to Canada as a skilled worker, create an online profile by providing your personal information, including educational and work experience, as well as language proficiency.

In order to join the Express Entry pool of candidates, you have to meet the minimum criteria of at least one of the three main economic immigration programs:

The Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class.

After submitting your profile, you will be given a score based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

Your CRS score will take under consideration factors including your educational and work experience, as well as language proficiency.

You will be responsible for updating your profile, including any changes that might improve your CRS score.

  1. Successful applicants are issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA), which allows them to apply for Permanent Residency.

You will receive an ITA if you are nominated by a Provincial or Territorial Government, or are in the upper rankings of the Express Entry pool of candidates.

After receiving your ITA, you will have 60 days to submit an application for Permanent Residency online under one of the three main economic immigration programs:

The Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class, as well as PNP Express Entry Streams.

In most cases, applications under the Express Entry System are processed within six months or less.




PNP EXPRESS ENTRY STREAMS

Provincial and Territorial Governments nominate eligible applicants under their individual PNP Express Entry streams.

These candidates must meet the unique labour requirements of the province and territory in order to be nominated.

Some provincial and territorial governments choose eligible applicants from the Express Entry pool of candidates, while other provincial and territorial governments require applicants to submit applications directly to them.

Check each individual provincial and territorial government website for more information about applying for a nomination, if available.

Applicants who receive a nomination from a provincial or territorial government will be invited to apply for Permanent Residency.




EXPLORE THE CANADIAN JOB MARKET

Explore employment opportunities by using the Job Bank website.

Creating a Job Match account with Job Bank will match you with Canadian employers who are looking for skilled workers with your qualifications.




TOP 10 EXPRESS ENTRY SOURCE COUNTRIES

  1. India
  2. Nigeria
  3. China
  4. Pakistan
  5. United Kingdom
  6. Brazil
  7. United States
  8. Iran
  9. France
  10. South Korea

The Philippines did not make the top 10, with a majority of ITAs being issued to applicants from India.

Applicants from India benefitted from having language proficiency in English, high levels of education and relevant work experience that are recognized by Canadian employers.




WORK EXPERIENCE FOR EXPRESS ENTRY WITH THE HIGHEST CRS SCORES

The report indicated that the applicants with the highest CRS scores had the following work experiences:

  1. Software engineers and designers
  2. Information systems analysts and consultants
  3. Computer programmers and interactive media developers
  4. Financial auditors and accountants
  5. Administrative assistants

With the US Government imposing an immigration ban, IT workers bound for the US have instead set their sights to Canada.

In 2019, 12% of ITAs were issued to applicants living in the US.

Applicants from Nigeria, the number 2 source country, also benefitted from having language proficiency in English, high levels of education and relevant work experience that are recognized by Canadian employers, especially in IT, STEM and oil and gas.

According to the report, 48% of applicants already lived in Canada under different immigrant programs, including the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP).

International students are also given additional CRS points.

Applicants who already have Canadian experience are awarded additional CRS points that improve their ranking.

Applicants with Canadian experience are seen as being able to better integrate into Canadian society after becoming permanent residents.

Many immigration programs take Canadian experience into consideration, including the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) and the different Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).

Even though applicants with Canadian experience are given additional CRS points, most applicants who receive ITAs are from outside Canada.

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), one of the most popular programs under the Express Entry system, accounts for more than 45% of ITAs issued.

Due to the pandemic. IRCC has not issued any new ITAs to applicants who have submitted applications from outside of Canada.





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